Aug. 20, 2008 – English 8, 10

Spelling Warm-Up

First, we did our warm-up spelling exercise.  Beginning next week, the spelling warm-up will only have ten words without doing sentences.  Sentences are related more to definitions then spelling and it is taking too much time.  Correction: accordion (not accordian) and accidentally (not accidently).  Sorry, sometimes its easy to make mistakes when you are purposefully misspelling words.

Basic Sentence Structure: Subject

The subject of a sentence is always a noun (person, place, thing, idea, or object) or a noun equivalent.  The subject answers the questions “who” or “what” is doing the action or “who” or “what” is the focus of the sentence. The subject can then be split into either a simple subject or a complete subject.

Simple subject: a single word

Complete subject: a single word and any words that modify (change) it

Example: The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

What is the simple subject?

The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

What is the complete subject?

The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

Basic Sentence Structure: Verbs & Verb Phrases

After the subject comes either the Simple Verb or the Verb Phrase.

Simple Verb: the single word describing the action taking place

Verb Phrase: using a broad definition, the verb phrase is everything after the subject which we call the predicate.  More narrowly defined though, the verb phrase consists of just the main verb and the auxiliary verbs (helper verbs) that further clarify that main verb. Predicate = everything after the subject. Verb Phrase = the main verb and the helping verbs.

Example: The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

What is the verb?

The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

What is the verb phrase?

The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

Basic Sentence Structure: Simple Sentence Components

In every sentence, you should be able to pull out what are the absolutely necessary parts (the simple subject and the verb phrase) that create the base of the sentence.

Example: The six thousand survivors of Spartcus’ rebellion were crucified by Pompey along the road to Rome.

Basic Sentence: The survivors were crucified.

If you cannot point out what is the base sentence of every sentence that you write, rewrite the sentence.  Make sure that you include those necessary bits.

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